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Thursday, June 23, 2011

MYTH #9 Catholics added books to the bible.

The Christian bible is the complete bible with all 73 books. The Protestant bible only has 66 because Martin Luther removed 7 of them.

The books Protestants will call the Apocrypha are actually called deuterocanonical books Tobit,Judith, Wisdom, Sirach, Baruch, 1 & 2 Maccabees. The Catholic bible also include chapters in the books of Esther and Daniel not found in the Protestant Bibles. They will say Catholics added them but they have always been in the Bible.

They can be found in the Greek Septuagint bible used by Jesus and the Apostles and the Codex Sinaiticus bible, the oldest surviving bible.

The Greek Orthodox Church has had these books in their bibles since their split in 1054, 500 years before the council of Trent. They are also found in the dead sea scrolls from the 2nd century B.C. Kind of hard to say Catholics added them when they have been there all along.

Even the original king James 1611 Bible contained 73 books.

The only record of Hanukkah is in the deuterocanonical books of 1 and 2 Maccabees.

1Machabees 4:56 And they kept the dedication of the altar eight days, and they offered holocausts with joy, and sacrifices of salvation, and of praise. 57 And they adorned the front of the temple with crowns of gold, and escutcheons, and they renewed the gates, and the chambers, and hanged doors upon them. 58 And there was exceeding great joy among the people, and the reproach of the Gentiles was turned away. 59 And Judas, and his brethren, and all the church of Israel decreed, that the day of the dedication of the altar should be kept in its season from year to year for eight days, from the five and twentieth day of the month of Casleu, with joy and gladness.

2Machabees 10:6
And they kept eight days with joy, after the manner of the feast of the tabernacles, remembering that not long before they had kept the feast of the tabernacles when they were in the mountains, and in dens like wild beast.

New American Bible Bible

Ok, well what I have established in my posting was that the books have always been considered scripture. So with that being said we then turn to 2Timothy 3:16 "All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness,"

A little history on the Protestant (Hebrew) Canon of the bible.

This canon was compiled at the Council of Jamnia in 90AD. At this time the Jews had been all but destroyed by the Romans and had no temple or religion (destroyed in 70AD).

The Christians were gaining a strong foothold and the Jews wanted a distinct canon separate from the Christian Canon which was the Greek Septuagint. The rules for inclusion in the Hebrew Canon was that the manuscripts had to be written in Hebrew and in Judea.

Well with the findings of the Dead Sea Scrolls we can see that these books were in-fact part of the original Old Testament before Jamnia.

**Just a couple quotes by Jesus and St. Paul from the deuterocanonicals**

Jesus quotes from the book Tobit:

Tobit 4:9 You will be storing up a goodly treasure for yourself against the day of adversity

Matthew 6:20 But store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where moth and rust do not destroy, and where thieves do not break in and steal.

And the next verse also:

Tobit 4:11 Almsgiving is a worthy offering in the sight of the Most High for all who practice it.

Matthew 5:16 In the same way, let your light shine before men, that they may see your good deeds and praise your Father in heaven. 

One of the most used verse Protestants cling to comes from the deuterocanonical book Sirach.
Romans 3:23 "all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God"

That comes from the Book of Sirach 8:5 "Shame not a repentant sinner; remember, we all are guilty."

The deuterocanonical should not be confused with the true apocraphal books like the book of Thomas, Ponchus Pilot, etc.

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